Tuesday, February 28, 2012

FDIC Statistics: Larger Banks Doing Better Than Others

The FDIC statistics were released this morning.  The larger banks continue to prosper relative to the rest of the industry.  The larger banks in this case are those that are larger than $1.0 billion in asset size. 

For one, over the past year, the number of larger banks in the United States rose by 5 whereas the rest of the commercial banking system shrunk by 245 banks.  Of the total reduction in commercial banks in the United States of 240 in 2011, only 92 banks were closed by the FDIC. The rest were merged into other organizations. 

A total of 185 banks smaller than $100 million in asset size were closed.

At December 31, 2011, the commercial banking system had 62 fewer banks than on September 30, 2011.  Of this number, 66 were smaller than $100 million in assets.  The FDIC closed only 18 banks in the fourth quarter.

In terms of lending, net loans and leases at the largest 514 banks in the country rose by about $194 billion in 2011, with $137 billion of the increase coming in the fourth quarter of the year. 

This increase is coming in the face of an improving loan portfolio.  Noncurrent loans and leases at these larger banks fell by $44 billion over the past year while the loan loss allowance at these banks dropped by $38 billion.

It appears that the largest commercial banks in the country are feeling better about their loan portfolios and are becoming much more aggressive in actually making new loans. 

This is not the case for the other banks.  For banks that hold assets somewhere between $100 million and $1.0 billion, net loans and leases actually declined by about $31 billion in 2011.  For the fourth quarter of the year net loans and leases held about constant. 

For commercial banks with less than $100 million in assets loans declined by about $8 billion for the whole year and by about $3 billion for the fourth quarter of 2011.

In both of these smaller categories both noncurrent loans and leases fell but by relatively small amounts as did the loan loss allowances held by these organizations. 

The list of problem banks dropped in the fourth quarter by 31 banks to 814 commercial banks on December 31, 2011.  This total was down from 884 banks on the problem list on December 31, 2010. 

814 banks on the problem list is still a very large number representing 13 percent of the number of commercial banks insured by the FDIC.  And, this 814 banks does not included other organizations that are still in very deep trouble but do not yet qualify to be placed on the problem bank list.  The number of banks on the problem list and near being on the problem list could total about one-third of the banking system.

And, in the fourth quarter of 2011 we saw that the number of banks in the industry was still dropping at an annual rate of about 250 banks leaving the system every year.  

Bottom line: the banking system is still not very healthy.  Going further I would argue that the smaller banks are especially not “out-of-the-woods” in terms of problems.  The continuing problems being experienced in the housing market and in commercial real estate will weigh heavily on these smaller banks as we go along.  And, don’t expect much lending from them.

The largest 514 commercial banks continue to grow.  In terms of number, commercial banks with more than $1.0 billion in assets represent only about 8 percent of the organizations in the industry.  However, in terms of assets held, these larger banks hold 91 percent of the assets in the commercial banking industry and 89 percent of the loans.  Their bad assets seem to be decreasing as a problem and their loan growth appears to be getting stronger every quarter. 

Everything we see points to the continued demise of the smaller banks in the industry.  And, there appears to be nothing on the horizon to turn this trend around.      

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